Alliteration:
AlliterationOccurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. For example, “She sells sea-shells down by the sea-shore” or “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers” are both alliterative phrases.





Allusion:
An allusion is an indirect reference to a person, place, event, literary work, or artwork.
Allusions require prior knowledge in order to fully understand their significance.

They may be used to help ground a literary work in the real world or make it seem more immediate and personal.
Examples:
  • We may call someone a "Scrooge" if they are stingy with their money (an allusion to Ebeneezer Scrooge from Charles Dickens The Christmas Carol).
  • We may call someone a "Romeo" if he is a hopeless romantic (an allusion to Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet)
  • If someone has a major weakness or flaw, we might call it that person's "Achilles' heel" (an allusion to the Greek warrior, Achilles', whose only weakness was his heel, which was pierced by an arrow in battle).

There are tons of allusions in hip hop music…..
“Peter Piper,” Run DMC
“Juicy,” Biggie Smalls


Apostrophe:
A figure of speech in which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and capable of understanding.

"Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are.
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky."
(Jane Taylor, "The Star," 1806)


"Blue Moon, you saw me standing alone
Without a dream in my heart
Without a love of my own."
(Lorenz Hart, "Blue Moon")


Death be not proud, though some have called thee
Mighty and dreadfull, for, thou art not so,
For, those, whom thou think'st, thou dost overthrow,
Die not, poore death, nor yet canst thou kill me.
(John Donne, "Death be not proud")



Assonance:
Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words. It is used to reinforce the meanings of words or to set the mood.Many examples of assonance can be found in prose and poetry.
Assonance examples are sometimes hard to find, because they work subconsciously sometimes, and are subtle. The long vowel sounds will slow down the energy and make the mood more somber, while high sounds can increase the energy level of the piece.




Characterization:
The quintessential boring teacher

Mean Girls

Intense CIA Agent

job interview

Nerd


Messed up adolescent



Dramatic Irony:
What is dramatic irony?
PSYCHO
E.T.
E.T.
Insidious
Carrie

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